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Watchung Hills Regional High School


Citing Your Sources

Citing Your Sources

Print Sources
A Book by One Author or Editor
Eaton, Katherine B. Daily Life in the Soviet Union. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2004. Print.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(Eaton 37).

A Book by Two or Three Authors or Editors

Bloom, Jonathan and Sheila Blair. Islam: A Thousand Years of Faith and Power. New Haven: Yale

University Press, 2002. Print.

Hill, Charles A., and Marguerite Helmers, eds. Defining Visual Rhetorics. Mahwah, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004. Print.

Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. Analyzing American Government: American Government,
Freedom and Power. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1994. Print.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(Bloom & Blair 107).
(Hill and Helmers 53).
(Lowe, Ginsberg and Jackson 45).

A Book with More than Three Authors or Editors
Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition.
Logan: Utah State UP, 2004. Print.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(Wysocki et al. 56).

A Book with No Author or Editor
Peterson's Annual Guides to Graduate Study. 33rd ed. Princeton, NJ: Peterson's, 1999. Print.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(Peterson's 28-32).

An Article in a Reference Book with an Author
Mercuri, Becky. "Cookies." The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. Ed. Andrew F. Smith.
Vol. 1. 2004. Print.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(Mercuri 78).

An Article in a Reference Book with No Author
"Ideology." The American Heritage Dictionary. 3rd ed. 1997. Print.

Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
("Ideology" 356).

A Poem or Short Story in an Author's Own Collection

Whitman, Walt. "I Sing the Body Electric." Selected Poems. New York: Dover, 1991. 12-19. Print.
Carter, Angela. "The Tiger's Bride." Burning Your Boats: The Collected Stories. New York: Penguin,
1995. 154-69. Print.
Parenthetical (In Text) Citation
(Whitman 16).
(Carter 162).

A Poem or Short Story in an Anthology or Collection
Burns, Robert. "Red, Red Rose." 100 Best-Loved Poems. Ed. Philip Smith. New York: Dover, 1995. 26.

Dickinson, Emily. "Ocean Winds." Book of Poems. Ed. John Barlycorn. New York: Random House, 1999.
34-35. Print.
Kincaid, Jamaica. "Girl." The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Short Stories. Ed. Tobias Wolff.
New York: Vintage, 1994. 306-07. Print.
Parenthetical (In Text) Citation
(Burns 26).
(Dickinson 34-35).
(Kincaid 306).

A Multi-Volume Set
If using one volume, include the volume number that you used.
“Hughes, (James) Langston 1902-1967.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Carolyn Riley and Phyllis
Carmel Mendelson. Vol. 5. Detroit: Gale, 1976. Print.

If using two or more volumes, include the total number of volumes in the set.

Laderman, Gary, and Luis Leon, eds. Religion and American Cultures: An Encyclopedia of Traditions,
Diversity, and Popular Expressions. 3 vols. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2003. Print.
Parenthetical (In Text) Citation
(“Hughes, (James) Langston 1902-1967” 5: 153-158).
(Laderman and Leon, 2: 12-16 ).

Online Databases and eBooks

A Book Article in an Online Database
Hardy, Sarah Madson. “Recitatif.” Short Stories for Students. Gale Group, 1999. Literature Resource
Center. Web. 29 Apr. 2008.
Moses, Cat. The Blues Aesthetic in Toni Morrison's "The Bluest Eye.'" African American Review 33.4
(1999): 623-37. JSTOR. Web. 5 Mar. 2003.
Parenthetical (In Text) Citation
(Moses 625).

A Scholarly Journal in an Online Database

Brooks, Gwendolyn. "Henry Dumas: Perceptiveness and Zeal." Black American Literature Forum 22.2

(1988): 177. JSTOR. Web. 9 March 2009.

Flannagan, Roy. "Reflections on Milton and Ariosto." Early Modern Literary Studies 2.3 (1996): n. pag.
Web. 22 Feb. 1997.
"Eliot's Last Laugh: The Dissolution of Satire in The Waste Land." Journal of Modern Literature 32.2(2009):
65-79. Academic Search Premier. Web. 15 May 2009.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
("Eliot's Last Laugh: The Dissolution of Satire in The Waste Land" 66).

A Poem in an Online Database
Frost, James. "Strawberries in a Field." Literature Resource Center. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web.
15 March 2011.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation

Web Sites
A Book Online
Eliot, T. S. Poems. New York: Knopf: 1920. Project Gutenberg. Web. 5 May 2009.
Keats, John. Poetical Works. 1884. Great Books Online. Ed. Steven van Leeuwen.

May 1998. Web. 5 May 2003.

Cook, David. "Global Radical Islam and Martyrdom Operation." Understanding Jihad. Berkely: U. of
California, 2005, 128-61.NetLibrary. Web. 6 Nov. 2009.
Parenthetical (In Text) Citation
(Cook 135).

A Poem or Short Story Online

Simic, Charles. "County Fair." The Academy of American Poets.18 July 2007. Web. 15 May 2009.
Parenthetical (In Text) Citation

An Article on a Web Site with an Author
Crowe, Liam. "Introducing a New Dog to Your Household Pack." SPCA International. Society for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 2010. Web. 21 July 2010.
Ackerman, Spenser. "Coming to America." New Republic 18 May 2006: 18-21. Web. 25 May 2006.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(Ackerman 18-19).

An Article on a Web Site with No Author
“Parenting Corner Q&A: Immunizations.” American Academy of Pediatrics. Amer. Acad. of Pediatrics, Feb.
2009. Web. 4 June 2009.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(“Parenting Corner Q&A: Immunizations.”)

An Article on a Web Site with No Publication Date

Mazer, Cary M. Bernard Shaw: A Brief Biography. Dept. of English, U of Pennsylvania, n.d. Web.
16 Sept. 2007.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation

A Reference Article on a Web Site
“Frost, Robert.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2008. Web. 15 May 2008.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
("Frost, Robert").

Multimedia Sources

A Podcast with an Author
Allington, Adam. "Invasive Reeds Help Treat Wastewater." The Environment Report. Great Lakes Radio
Consortium, 20 Nov. 2006. Web. 28 Jul. 2009.
Rennie, Michael. "From Spooky Action to Tiny Radios." Host Steve Mirskly, Science Talk. .
Scientific American, 4 Mar. 2009 MP3 file. 15 Mar. 2009.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation



A Podcast with No Author
"First Coed College." Profile America, 7 Sept. 2006. General OneFile. Web. 23 July 2009.
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
("First Coed College").

A Webcast with an Author

Bilgil,Melih, dir. History of the Internet.Melih Bilgil, 4 Jan. 2009. YouTube.Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation


A Webcast with No Author

Vice Presidential Candidate Gov.Sarah Palin (AK) Full Speech at the RNC. CSpan,

3Sept. 2008. YouTube. Web. 10 Sept.2008.

Parenthetical (In-Text) Citation
(Vice Presidential Candidate).

Citation Generators
Citation Generators are web tools that assist students in creating bibliographic citations for print and electronic sources. Users fill out an online form with the necessary information, and citations are automatically generated. Some Citation Generators have an Autocite feature that requires only the website URL or book ISBN number.
Citation Generators may differ slightly, but generally the steps are as follows:
1. Click on the resource (source type) you want to cite.
2. Complete the online form with information from your source. Only fill in the boxes that apply with information

that is available.

3. When you are done filling out the form, click a button to create the citation. Your citation will appear below or

next to the online form.

4. Continue this process for each of your sources. You may enter multiple citations without losing the prvious


5. When you have entered all your citations, sort them into alphabetical order. If your citation begins with

quotation marks, move it from the beginning of the list to its proper alphabetical spot.

6. After sorting, copy and paste the citations into a word processing document that you print or save.

BibMe: Fast & Easy Bibliography Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian

Son of Citation Machine


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GoBiblio: Free Bibliography and Citation Generator

Citation Builder: NCSU Libraries